Kenya’s North-Eastern Province is often hit with droughts. Whenever this is the case, YMA takes emergency measures to try and assist as many people as possible by supplying life-saving water.
In larger setlements in the most remote areas, YMA have placed water tanks which it fills by water-tank trucks as often as required.
In sparsely populated areas YMA has a regular water tank refill distribution in place during drought or seasons of low rainfall. YMA also provides sturdy and durable jerrycans to all families in these areas.

These are of course emergency measures and where possible YMA will go on to install wells and boreholes.
However, there are a great number of such remote locations so there is always a demand for such boreholes but not enough supply.
On occasions of drought, YMA has facilitated numerous individuals and charities from: Bahrain, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, UK, and USA to quickly and systematically deliver water to needy areas throughout Northern, Eastern and Coastal areas of Kenya.

Through these distributions we are able to maintain a database of the level of need of different villages and areas, which we use when deciding where best to dig wells.
An example of this is in 2017, YMA distributed water by providing 40,000 litres (two water tanker trucks) per day to serve an area of 180km² from the village of Gururi to Wayu of the Tana River Area. This continued daily for an entire three month period, which included Ramadan, during a severe drought. The cost of the entire project was approximately $20,000.

YMA always encourages donors to sponsor hand pumps in as many areas as possible. These simple devices are true life saving measures for people, not only directly, but also indirectly by providing water for their animals and crop fields.
YMA utilises handpumps which are long-lasting, easily maintainable/servicable and replaceable when needed.
YMA identifies areas where the need is greatest and where most people can benefit from the water provided

We ensure that the specifications of the well not only cater for the current drinking needs of the people, but also has the capacity to cater for their animals and farmlands as well as their religious and hygienic needs.
Furthermore, the wells are dug to such depths to ensure that they will not dry out and continue to cater for the population growth of the area.
Donors will get a detailed feedback report, and have a permanent plaque on site that confirms their donation. This YMA does not only for the sake of transparency, but also because the beneficiaries make du’a for the donor.

The average cost of a handpump (this includes digging, piping, the handpump mechanism, concreting and drainage, and maintenance costs) is US$2,000 – 3,000.
A handpump typically benefits an entire village or sometimes two to three villages in more densely populated areas.
To date, well over 450 handpump and wells have been installed. These are not only around Garissa but throughout Kenya.

In areas where shallow wells are not enough, YMA will contact the government’s hydrology department and get concrete information as to the required depth for a well to be dug.
These are different from standard handpumps due to the depth dug and the weight of the water that the pipes and mechanism must bear. Due to this, the equipment is considerably more expensive, and the hiring of the rigs required to dig to such depths are also more costly.
In addition to the installation of the well, YMA maintains and monitors the well to ensure it remains open for all to use.

As the installation of this type of well is expensive, YMA ensures the use of robust and durable parts to ensure long years of service. Throughout our history, besides regular maintenance, Alhamdu-lillah, not a single well installed by YMA has ceased to function.
As with handpumps, donors will get a detailed feedback report, and have a permanent plaque on site that confirms their donation. YMA does this, not only for the sake of transparency, but also because the beneficiaries make du’a for the donor.

The average cost of a deep well is $30,000 to $40,000. This on its own is not useful unless it includes reinforcing the well walls, concreting the top, concrete drainage away from the well, large water tanks, reenforced elevated platforms including its foundation, plumbing and piping, diesel pump and maintenance.
1. So soil boring to 100 metres with all the above features and a plastic 10,000 litre tank is $100,000
2. Rock boring to 300 metres with all the above features and a steel 20,000 litre tank is $130,000 On average, a deep well benefits up to 10 villages
4,000-4,500 people To date, 12 deep wells have been installed by YMA

YMA sometimes needs to dig wells that must serve a very large area and manually operated wells are not feasible. In such cases generators and pumps are required to achieve the needed amount of water.
These are only installed occasionally, but when they are installed, YMA takes full custodianship of the project to ensure that the equipment remains functional and that people continue to get water.
An example of this is the well at the YMA orphanage in Garissa. This well not only caters for the entire centre, all three schools, dormitories and staff residences, but due to Garissa often facing both extremes of water shortages and flooding, the centre’s well provides for a large expanse of the local poor community.

Furthermore, even during normal seasons, often the local governmental infrastructure cannot cope with the full water demands of Garissa’s population. For this reason, our well assists in providing water to the locals. For this YMA has received recognition & thanks from the government both regionally and nationally.
YMA has experience in the installation and maintenance of both diesel powered pumps and solar powered pumps, as well as the installation of very large tanks that act as reservoirs.
These installations have not only seen use in providing drinking water, but has also helped in irrigating YMA’s farm and the small plantations of the locals nearby.

The cost of these installations vary greatly.
To date, 6 such installations have been implemented by YMA; and have proven to be immensely valuable.
Furthermore, at the orphanage, YMA has long installed a water treatment plant which is being utilised by the Garissa Water Board to serve half of Garissa.